Make a submission.

JCST

Journal of Current Science and Technology

ISSN 2630-0656 (Online)

Optimization of waterless biodiesel production from palm stearin using response surface methodology

  • Patcharee Kamthita, Department of Chemical and Material Engineering, College of Engineering, Rangsit University, Patum Thani, Thailand. , Corresponding author; Email: patcharee.kam@gmail.com
  • Thanthanat Srisuwan, Department of Chemical and Material Engineering, College of Engineering, Rangsit University, Patum Thani, Thailand.
  • Sumpan Gesmanee, Department of Chemical and Material Engineering, College of Engineering, Rangsit University, Patum Thani, Thailand.

Abstract

In this research study, homogeneous transesterification of palm stearin using acetone as co-solvent and waterless purification of biodiesel were studied.  The response surface methodology (RSM) statistical technique based on Box-Behnken design was applied to determine the optimum conditions for the transesterification process and the effects of the main parameters, such as the amounts of acetone, KOH catalyst concentration and reaction temperature on the biodiesel yield, including the flow rates of crude biodiesel passing through the ion exchange resin bed to remove soap and glycerin.  The physical and chemical properties of biodiesel were determined according to biodiesel standard specifications.  It was found that reaction temperature was the most important parameter.  The optimum conditions were methanol to oil molar ratio of 8:1 with 24.7wt% acetone, 0.70wt% KOH catalyst, reaction temperature of 47oC and reaction time of 30 min.  Furthermore, the study showed that the optimum condition for the waterless purification of initial soap content above 1,000 ppm was performed at the flow rate of 4.5 BV/h which reduced soap levels to below 50 ppm.

Keywords: homogeneous transesterification; co-solvent; waterless purification; ion exchange resin bed; response surface methodology.

PDF (582.3 KB)

DOI: 10.14456/rjas.2016.7

References

Hamze, H., Akia, M., & Yazdani, F. (2015). Optimization of biodiesel production from the waste cooking oil using response surface methodology. Process Safety and Environmental Protection, 94, 1-10. DOI:10.1016/j.psep.2014.12.005

Kamthita, P., Srisuwan, T., & Setthachuae, A. (2013). Biodiesel production from palm stearin by transesterification process using acetone as co-solvent. Paper presented at the Proceedings of the 24th Thai Institute of Chemical Engineering and Applied Chemistry Conference: Changes: Cleaner Energy, Leaner Processes, Better Living, Chiang Mai, Thailand, 18-19 December (pp.206-214).

Patil, P. D., Gude, V. G., Mannarswamy, A., Cooke, P., Nirmalakhandan, N., Lammers, P., & Deng, S. (2012). Comparison of direct transesterification of algal biomass under supercritical methanol and microwave irradiation conditions. Fuel, 97,822-831. DOI:10.1016/j.fuel.2012.02.037

Salvi, B. L., & Panwar, N. L. (2012). Biodiesel resources and production technologies – A review. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 16(6), 3680-3689. DOI:10.1016/j.rser.2012.03.050

Silva, G. F., Camargo, F. L., & Ferreira, A. L. O. (2011). Application of response surface methodology for optimization of biodiesel production by transesterification of soybean oil with ethanol. Fuel Processing Technology, 92(3), 407-413. DOI:10.1016/j.fuproc.2010.10.002

Stojković, I. J., Stamenković, O. S., Povrenović, D. S., & Veljković, V. B. (2014). Purification technologies for crude biodiesel obtained by alkali-catalyzed transesterification. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 32, 1-15. DOI:10.1016/j.rser.2014.01.005

Thanh, L. T., Okitsu, K., Sadanaga, Y., Takenaka, N., Maeda, Y., & Bandow, H. (2013). A new co-solvent method for the green production of biodiesel fuel – Optimization and practical application. Fuel, 103, 742-748. DOI:10.1016/j.fuel.2012.09.029

Vera, C., Busto, M., Yori, J., Torres, G., Manuale, D., Canavese, S., & Sepulve, J. (2011). Adsorption in Biodiesel Refining - A Review. Biodiesel - Feedstocks and Processing Technologies. DOI:10.5772/26587

Wall, J., Gerpen, J. V., & Thompson,  J. (2011). Soap and glycerin removal from biodiesel using waterless processes. Transactions of the ASABE, 54(2), 535-541. DOI:10.13031/2013.36456

Wang, Y., Ou, S., Liu, P., Xue, F., & Tang, S. (2006). Comparison of two different processes to synthesize biodiesel by waste cooking oil. Journal of Molecular Catalysis A: Chemical, 252(1-2), 107-112. DOI:10.1016/j.molcata.2006.02.047

Approved By TCI (2020 - 2024)

Indexed in

Search