Make a submission.

JCST

Journal of Current Science and Technology

ISSN 2630-0656 (Online)

Community rights: The role of social movements in the community

  • Utai Parinyasutinun, Department of Educational Foundation, Faculty of Liberal Arts, Prince of Songkla University, Songkhla, Thailand, Corresponding author; E-mail: utaiparinyasutinun@hotmail.com
  • Sawarin Bendem-ahlee, Faculty of Liberal Arts, Prince of Songkla University, Hat Yai, Songkhla, Thailand

Abstract

          This article depicts the way of life in a community under authoritarian power where people’s rights as citizens and community rights are neglected or ignored.  These rights are naturally people’s rights as citizens or as a community.  Such negligence and the state of being ignored can cause continuous conflicts under the “right discourse” in society even though presently, the principle of people participation has increasingly been included in many processes.  Nevertheless, the state has widen the gap between individual rights and those of capitalists, from both within the country and abroad, allowing the latter to take over and hold ownership of community resources and take advantage of these resources.  In doing so, the state neglects and ignores the community and infringes upon important rights that are community rights.  The problem of resource sharing results in conflicts between various disputants, for example between the state and the community and between the community and individuals.  However, the most important of the  various disputes is between the state and communities that eventually leads to social movements by people demanding their rights.  These social movements act in many different methods to build a new definition for the community, or to demonstrate the existence of the community which is able to take care and manage its own resources.  This will eventually become community power which leverages outside authority to cause the recognition of community rights.  Thus, community rights can be deemed as discourses that lead to a widening in the sphere of a community’s social movements.

Keywords: community rights; community’s way of life; role; social movement; citizenship

PDF (232.74 KB)

DOI: 10.14456/rjas.2011.12

References

Bendem-ahlee, S. (2011). Community Rights Dynamics of Khlong Na Thap, Na Thap Sub-district, Chana District, Songkhla Province. A thesis for the degree of Master of Arts in Human and Social Development. Prince of Songkla University, Songkhla.

Boonchai, K. (2010). Tracing the track of “Violence” from literature on community rights movements in the management of natural resources and the environment in Thai society. Hideing/Seeking violence in Thaisociety. (157-214). Bangkok, Thailand: Matich- on.

Buttan, T. (2011). A lesson from “Klity” (1), Matichon Weekend. 31(1585), 41.

Chandaeng, P. (2007). Community rights in marine resources management: A case study of Ban Laem Chong Thanaon Community, Khao Chaison District, Phatthalung Province. A thesis for the degree of Master of Arts in Political Science. Ramkhamhaeng University, Bangkok, Thailand.

Changsarn, T. (2010). Fish going against the stream: A story from Banthat Mountain. Kho. Khon. 5(12), 82.

Charoenmuang, T. (2008). Strong Citizens. Bangkok, Thailand: Wiphasa.

Charoensinolan, C. (2002). A new form of social movements, Bangkok, Thailand: Wiphasa.

Jamrik, S. (2006). Thai human rights in the world, Bangkok, Thailand: Office of Thailand Research Fund.

Kanchanapan, A. (2006). Economic Culture in an Un-cultured Economy. Bangkok, Thailand: Kobfai Publishing Project.

Luengaramsri, P. (2010). Authoritarianism, localism, and a new liberalism and descriptions of community rights.  Social Sciences, 21, 277, ChiangMai University.

Matichon Daily. (2011, January 18). A sample case: Thung Kham Goldmine, concession  and the community way of life, p. 2.

Nasuchon, N. & Charles, A. (2010). Community involvement in fisheries management: Experiences in the Gulf of Thailand countries, Marine Policy, 34(1), 163-169. Retrieved on December 9, 2010, from http://www.sciencedirect.com

National Human Rights Commission of Thailand. (2005). The results of the investigation on human rights violation in the case of violence resulting from the Thai-Malaysian gas pipeline project. Bangkok, Thailand: National Human Rights Commission of Thailand.

National Human Rights Commission of Thailand. (2009). Significant Human Rights Situations in 2009. Retrieved (on May 9, 2011) from http://www.nhrc.or.th/webdoc/ report25521213.pdf

Panyarachun, A. (2010, December 2). Anand suggests reducing inequality! Reforming to build justice for Thai society’s survival. Thai Rath. p. 8.

Sangkhachat, H. (2009). Dynamics and negotiations on “rights” in resources management: A case study of Pwo Karen community, Ban Nong Lak, Thung Hua Chang District, Lamphun Province. Social Sciences, ChiangMai University. 21(2552), 179.

Santasombat, Y. (1999). Biodiversity and local wisdom for sustainable development, Chiangmai, Thailand: Nopburee Press.

Sekhar, N. U. (2004). Fisheries in Chilika lake: how community access and control impacts their management, Environmental Management, 73(3), 257-266. Retrieved (on August 7, 2010) from http://www. Science- direct.com

Sirichai, L., et. al. (2003). Southern local community rights. Bangkok: Nititham.

Soma, K. & Vatn, A. (2009). Local democracy implications for coastal zone management-A case study in southern Norway, Land Use Policy, 26, 755-762. Retrieved on August 7, 2010 from http://www.Science- direct.com

Sriwilai, S. (2007). Constitution of the Kingdom of Thailand 2007, Khonkaen, Thailand: Khon kaen KarnPim.

Suknual, T. (2007). Adaptation of the native fisheries community in Pak Phanang basin after the Pak Phanang basin development project. Retrieved December 31, 2010 from http://elibrary.trf.or.th/project_content.TRFN.asp?PJID=RDG4840056

Suzuki, P. & Bunnag, C. (2009). Power Structure in Allocating Natural Resources and the Environment of Thailand. In Political and Institutional EconomicsTha Prachan Office, Pokpong Chanwit, Editor.(pp. 300-371). Bangkok, Thailand: Openbooks.

The Royal Institute of Thailand. (1999). The Royal Institute Dictionary B.E. 2542.  Retrieved on August 7, 2010, from http://rirs3.royn. go.th/dictionary.asp

Trirat, N. (2009, October 21). Public Resources Management. Matichon Daily. (P.6).

Approved By TCI (2020 - 2024)

Indexed in

Search